SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • bony falx;
  • bony tentorium;
  • falx cerebri;
  • tentorium cerebelli;
  • ossification;
  • spotted dolphin;
  • Stenella attenuata;
  • Delphinidae

Abstract

The bony falx (BF) and bony tentorium (BT) of spotted dolphins (Stenella attenuata) at different growth stages were observed. The BF and BT were observed to have the shape of the entire falx cerebri (FC) and tentorium cerebelli (TC), respectively, in adults, but were not seen in fetuses at all. Partially formed BF and BT were observed in the young. The BF and BT of spotted dolphins are formed by ossification in the FC and TC in the course of aging. Based on age determination by means of dentinal growth layers of the maxillary teeth, the ossification in the FC and TC of spotted dolphins begins by about 1 yr of age, and is completed, except for the passage of nerves and blood vessels, by about 9 yr of age. The BF and BT of spotted dolphins are formed possibly by continual dietary intake of large amounts of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D.