Atlantis Marine Park, Two Rocks, Western Australia 6037, and Murdoch University, School of Veterinary Studies, Murdoch Drive, Murdoch, Western Australia 6150.
CHEMICAL RESTRAINT AND ANESTHESIA OF PINNIPEDS: A REVIEW
Article first published online: 26 AUG 2006
Marine Mammal Science
Volume 5, Issue 3, pages 228–256, July 1989
How to Cite
Gales, N. J. (1989), CHEMICAL RESTRAINT AND ANESTHESIA OF PINNIPEDS: A REVIEW. Marine Mammal Science, 5: 228–256. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.1989.tb00338.x
- Issue published online: 26 AUG 2006
- Article first published online: 26 AUG 2006
- Received: September 1, 1987 Accepted: February 15, 1989
- chemical restraint;
Drugs used to restrain and anesthetize pinnipeds have included neuromuscular blocking agents, narcotic analgesics, barbiturates, cyclohexamines, ataractics and inhalational agents. Problems associated with narrow margins of safety, thermoregulatory disturbances, cardiovascular changes and fatalities have excluded all but the cyclohexamines, ataractics and inhalational agents from presently accepted drugs for chemical restraint and anesthesia of pinnipeds. Combinations of tiletamine hydrochloride and zolazepam hydrochloride show great promise for immobilizing some species of pinnipeds in the field and inhalational agents are recommended for surgical anesthesia.