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Keywords:

  • low frequency narrow-band sounds;
  • bottlenose dolphin;
  • Tursiops truncatus.

Abstract

We present a new sound type recorded from bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, in eastern Australian waters: low-frequency, narrow-band (LFN) harmonic sounds (defined as less than 2 kHz). Most of these sounds were of frequencies less than 1 kHz and were recorded commonly from socializing dolphins. These sounds differ significantly from narrow-band whistles, which are higher in frequency and longer in duration. The absence of these sounds in most studies of the acoustic behavior of bottlenose dolphins may reflect geographic differences in repertoires or result from insufficient sampling. Alternatively, these sounds may have been ignored where the focus of research was on other sound types.