This paper is sponsored by the Open Funding of the Research Center for Resource and Environment Economics of China University of Geosciences (Wuhan Campus) in 2004.
Rural Electrification in China: History and Institution
Article first published online: 2 FEB 2006
China & World Economy
Volume 14, Issue 1, pages 71–84, February 2006
How to Cite
Peng, W. and Pan, J. (2006), Rural Electrification in China: History and Institution. China & World Economy, 14: 71–84. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-124X.2006.00007.x
- Issue published online: 2 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 2 FEB 2006
- institutional structure;
- rural electrification
China has been highly successful in electrifying rural areas in the past half century. Institutional structure and its reform are important for investment and, therefore, development of rural electrification. Over time, there have been three major institutional changes initiated by the central government; When the People's Republic was founded in 1949, it was short of capital, technology and management professionals to promote rural electrification, so rural electricity had a separate administrative system from the urban areas. From 1949 to 1977, China established a comprehensive vertical system of rural electricity administration under strict central planning. At the end of the 1970s, with the adoption of economic reform policy, the central government handed over the management of the local electricity system to local government. County level has proved the most effective implementation unit for both planning and project implementation of the rural electricity system. From 1998 to 2002, the central government has been separating local electricity supply from local governments to facilitate the commercial operation of the utility market. After 2002, the rural electricity system was merged with the urban system, forming an integrated national electricity administrative system in China.
(Edited by Xiaoming Feng)