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Keywords:

  • tuberculosis;
  • drug-resistant tuberculosis;
  • TB control programs;
  • standardized short-course chemotherapy;
  • global epidemiology

Abstract: Drug resistance in tuberculosis is largely a man-made phenomenon caused by erroneous prescribing practices on the part of physicians and noncompliance on the part of patients. The global epidemiology of drug-resistant TB, the impact of standardized short-course chemotherapy (SSC), and the potential future evolution of MDR TB are discussed in this chapter.