The primary binding sites of the relaxin and insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) receptors, RXFP1 and RXFP2, are found within the leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) of the ectodomains. Specific B-chain residues in the peptides interact with residues in the inner β-sheets of the LRRs of the receptors. Relaxin binds to RXFP2 with high affinity, although INSL3 has a very poor affinity for RXFP1. In this paper we present evidence that relaxin binds to the LRRs of RXFP2 in a manner similar to INSL3 binding to its receptor. Additionally, we introduce a model of this binding interaction and compare it to an alternate model for relaxin–RXFP1 binding.