This paper was based on a lecture delivered at the Barcelona Social Brain conference.
When the Self Becomes Other
Toward an Integrative Understanding of the Processes Distinguishing Adaptive Self-reflection from Rumination
Version of Record online: 24 JUN 2009
© 2009 New York Academy of Sciences
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume 1167, Values, Empathy, and Fairness across Social Barriers pages 35–40, June 2009
How to Cite
Kross, E. (2009), When the Self Becomes Other. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1167: 35–40. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04545.x
- Issue online: 24 JUN 2009
- Version of Record online: 24 JUN 2009
- emotion regulation;
- psychological distance;
How can people adaptively analyze and “work through” negative feelings without ruminating? This paper will briefly review findings from an integrative program of research, which suggests that a critical factor determining whether people's attempts to adaptively reason about negative experiences succeed or fail is the type of self-perspective they adopt. That is, whether people analyze their feelings from a self-immersed or self-distanced perspective. The implications of shifting self-perspectives for subjective experience, autonomic nervous system reactivity, and neural activity are discussed.