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Keywords:

  • inflammation;
  • reactive nitrogen species;
  • DNA damage;
  • 8-nitroguanine;
  • carcinogenesis;
  • asbestos

Chronic inflammation contributes to a substantial part of environmental carcinogenesis. Various infectious diseases and physical, chemical, and immunological factors participate in inflammation-related carcinogenesis. Under inflammatory conditions, reactive oxygen and nitrogen species are generated from inflammatory and epithelial cells, and resulting DNA damage may participate in carcinogenesis. 8-Nitroguanine is a mutagenic DNA lesion formed during chronic inflammation. We performed immunohistochemical analysis, and demonstrated that 8-nitroguanine was formed at the sites of carcinogenesis in animal models and patients with various cancer-prone infectious and inflammatory diseases, caused by parasites, viruses, and asbestos exposure. In asbestos-exposed mice, 8-nitroguanine was formed in bronchial epithelial cells, and it is noteworthy that crocidolite induced significantly more intense 8-nitroguanine formation than chrysotile, inconsistent with their carcinogenic potentials. On the basis of these findings, we have proposed that 8-nitroguanine could be a potential biomarker to evaluate the risk of inflammation-related carcinogenesis.