Evidence-based treatments for PTSD, new directions, and special challenges


Address for correspondence: Judith Cukor, Ph.D., Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 East 68th Street, Box 200, New York, New York 10065. juc2010@med.cornell.edu


This paper provides a current review of existing evidence-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with a description of psychopharmacologic options, prolonged exposure therapy, cognitive processing therapy, and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, especially as they pertain to military populations. It further offers a brief summary of promising treatments with a developing evidence base, encompassing both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. Finally, challenges to the treatment of PTSD are summarized and future directions suggested.