Treatment of endometriosis usually requires highly individualized management and varies depending on the presenting symptoms and the life stage of the patient. Surgical treatment of endometriosis starts with clinical recognition of the condition that may be enhanced by narrow band imaging. Surgery is effective in pain control and enhancing fertility. Tubal ligation or salpingectomy can be considered. Robotic surgery is unlikely to create a cure, but may assist surgery. Medical treatment including aromatase inhibitors may also be effective. Tubal flushing with lipiodol increases fecundity; other immunomodulators and neuromodulators may also be effective. Complementary therapies, however, have not been subjected to randomized clinical trials. Environmental factors, diet, and lifestyle modification may be effective.