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Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+): game changer or just another quick fix?

Authors

  • Oscar Venter,

    1. Terrestrial Ecology and Sustainability Science and the School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Cairns, Australia.
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  • Lian Pin Koh

    1. Department of Environmental Sciences, ETH Zurich, CHN G 73.2, Universitatstrasse 16, Switzerland.
    2. Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore
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Oscar Venter, School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Smithfield QLD 4878, Australia. oscar.venter1@jcu.edu.au

Abstract

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) provides financial compensation to land owners who avoid converting standing forests to other land uses. In this paper, we review the main opportunities and challenges for REDD+ implementation, including expectations for REDD+ to deliver on multiple environmental and societal cobenefits. We also highlight a recent case study, the Norway–Indonesia REDD+ agreement and discuss how it might be a harbinger of outcomes in other forest-rich nations seeking REDD+ funds. Looking forward, we critically examine the fundamental assumptions of REDD+ as a solution for the atmospheric buildup of greenhouse gas emissions and tropical deforestation. We conclude that REDD+ is currently the most promising mechanism driving the conservation of tropical forests. Yet, to emerge as a true game changer, REDD+ must still demonstrate that it can access low transaction cost and high-volume carbon markets or funds, while also providing or complimenting a suite of nonmonetary incentives to encourage a developing nation's transition from forest losing to forest gaining, and align with, not undermine, a globally cohesive attempt to mitigate anthropogenic climate change.

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