The dual role of biomarkers for understanding basic principles and devising novel intervention strategies in tuberculosis
Article first published online: 26 NOV 2012
© 2012 The New York Academy of Sciences.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume 1283, Translational Immunology in Asia-Oceania pages 22–29, April 2013
How to Cite
Weiner, J., Maertzdorf, J. and Kaufmann, S. H.E. (2013), The dual role of biomarkers for understanding basic principles and devising novel intervention strategies in tuberculosis. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1283: 22–29. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06802.x
- Issue published online: 23 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 26 NOV 2012
- NEWTBVAC. Grant Number: HEALTH-F3-2009-241745
- TRANSVAC. Grant Number: FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-2008-228403
- A-DITEC. Grant Number: HEALTH-F4-2011-280873
There is great need for better control measures for tuberculosis (TB). High-throughput analyses, such as transcriptomic and metabolic profiling, offer a promising path toward clinically useful biosignatures. With the help of biomarkers, it will be possible not only to reliably perform diagnosis but also to gain a better understanding of the disease process and, in the future, even predict the onset of disease in infected individuals. Biomarkers based on transcriptomic and metabolic profiles as well as on cytokine composition provide important insights into the basic biological principles of TB and give an opportunity to reliably distinguish TB patients from healthy individuals. Use of biomarkers for point-of-care diagnosis, however, is still a distant goal, which to achieve will require extensive analysis of TB biosignatures across different cohorts and a combination of different platforms.