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Abstract.— Underwater acoustic harassment devices (AHDs) are designed to deter seals from attacking fin-fish aquaculture cages. They may also be unintentionally disturbing non-target marine mammals. As the distance from the sound source increases, the rate at which the sound pressure level (SPL) drops per unit distance decreases. This prohibits presenting loud sounds near the cages without also creating sounds that can be detected kilometers away. In situ measurements of the sound fields of two AHDs in the Bay of Fundy, Canada, were made. The distances at which a loud AHD with short duration pulses (1.8 msec, 195 dB re 1 μPa at 1 m) and a quieter AHD with longer pulse durations (>50 msec, 166 dB re 1 μPa at 1 m) would be 80 dB or more above the detection threshold of a harbor seal Phoca vitulina were 10 and 3.5 m, respectively. On a quiet day with no nearby vessel traffic, these AHDs would be clearly detectable by harbor seals at ranges up to 2.9 and 1.3 km, respectively. By increasing the pulse length of the louder AHD to >50 msec, the sound would be more than 80 dB above the seal's detection threshold at 100 m but the sound would also be clearly detectable up to 7.2 km. It is technically possible to produce AHDs that are louder. Using very high amplitude sounds to protect finfish aquaculture cages from seal predation without encountering prohibitively large capital and operating costs may not be feasible.