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Digestibility of Alternative Protein-Rich Feedstuffs for Channel Catfish, Ictalurus punctatus

Authors

  • Renato Eiji Kitagima,

    1. Aquaculture Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Rodovia Admar Gonzaga 1346, 88034-001 Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
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  • Débora Machado Fracalossi

    Corresponding author
    1. Aquaculture Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Rodovia Admar Gonzaga 1346, 88034-001 Florianópolis, SC, Brazil
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Corresponding author.

Abstract

Apparent digestibility coefficients (ADCs) of amino acids, crude protein, gross energy, and dry matter of canola meal, corn gluten feed, fish offal meal, shrimp and fish offal meal, poultry by-product meal, and hydrolyzed feather meal were determined for channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Experimental diets contained 30% test ingredient, 69.5% casein-based reference diet, and 0.5% chromic oxide. Groups of 20 fish (102.45 g) were fed the experimental diets twice a day at 3.5% body weight. Fecal samples were collected in triplicate daily at 0000 h and 0600 h after settlement into collection devices. Shrimp and fish offal meal and corn gluten feed presented significantly lower (P < 0.05) ADC for dry matter (59.5 and 39.3%) suggesting their low value as feedstuffs for catfish feeds. Although ADC values for crude protein were above 80% for all the test ingredients, amino acid digestibility varied significantly, except for histidine whose ADC remained constant regardless of the protein source. Lysine was the first limiting amino acid in most of the test ingredients, except in fish offal meal and poultry by-product meal. Among the protein sources tested, only fish offal meal and poultry by-product meal met channel catfish amino acid requirements for a 28% digestible protein grow-out diet.

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