The Influence of Ovarian Fluid pH of Stripped Unfertilized Channel Catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, Eggs on the Hatching Success of Channel Catfish ♀ x Blue Catfish, Ictalurus furcatus♂, Hybrid Catfish Eggs

Authors

  • Nagaraj G. Chatakondi,

    Corresponding author
    1. USDA-ARS Catfish Genetics Research Unit, National Warmwater Aquaculture Center, P.O. Box 38, Stoneville, Mississippi 38776, USA
      Corresponding author.
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  • Eugene L. Torrans

    1. USDA-ARS Catfish Genetics Research Unit, National Warmwater Aquaculture Center, P.O. Box 38, Stoneville, Mississippi 38776, USA
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Corresponding author.

Abstract

This study was designed to determine the effect of ovarian fluid pH of stripped unfertilized channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, eggs on fertilization and hatch rate of channel catfish ♀ x blue catfish, Ictalurus furcatus♂, hybrid catfish eggs. A significant correlation was established between ovarian fluid pH of stripped channel catfish eggs and hybrid embryo hatch rate (R2 = 0.75, P = 0.01), suggesting ovarian fluid pH of stripped catfish eggs prior to fertilization can be predictive of the hatching success of hybrid catfish embryos. These data were used to categorize pH of stripped eggs: pH <7.0 as “low pH eggs,” pH 7.0–7.4 as “medium pH eggs,” or pH >7.4 as “high pH eggs” quality eggs. The range in percent hatch rate for these pH categories was <15%, 15–30%, and >30%, respectively. Higher calcium concentrations during incubation do not appear to improve hatching success of “low pH eggs.” The predictive model presented herein describes a quick method for evaluating stripped catfish eggs for hybrid fry production in catfish hatcheries.

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