Renal stone formation is a common and important problem in urinary tract and the prevalence of the disease is especially rising in recent years due to changing the lifestyle and diet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the health behaviours of patients with kidney stones.
This cross-sectional study was performed on 190 patients with kidney stones who referred to the outpatient department of Hospitals or extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy clinics in Sari/Iran, during 6 months period in 2009. The people were divided into two safe health behaviours and unsafe health behaviours groups, based on the obtained scores from their health behaviours. Data were analysed using SPSS software and descriptive statistics tests.
The mean age of the patients with kidney stones was 39 years. A 51·3% of subjects had positive family history of the disease. A 49·5% of subjects did not have exercise and 38·9% had less than half an hour physical activity per day. There was a significant relationship between the type of kidney stone and type of consumed water, tea, raw vegetables, milk and meat (P < 0·005). There was a significant relationship between family history of disease and exercise and daily activity level as well as the type and amount of water consumption (P < 0·005).
Health behaviours can control and prevent the disease progression and influence on recurrence of the disease. Evaluation of health behaviours leading to formation of urinary tract stones in different geographical areas of our country seems to be necessary.