A proposed theoretical model of help-seeking among Korean-American women with urinary incontinence

Authors

  • Youngmi Kang

    Corresponding author
    • Y Kang, PhD, RN, Kyung Hee University, College of Nursing Science, 1 Hoegi-dong, Dongdaemun-gu Seoul, Republic of Korea
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  • This article is a part of a dissertation by Youngmi Kang, PhD, RN. Youngmi Kang: ‘predictors of help seeking among community-dwelling Korean-American women with urinary incontinence.’ Tucson: University of Arizona; 2007.

  • This article was published online on October 1, 2012.The author's affiliation has been updated. This notice is included in the online and print versions to indicate that both have been corrected [February 8, 2013]

Address for correspondence: Y Kang, Assistant Professor, Kyung Hee University, College of Nursing Science, 1 Hoegi-dong, Dongdaemun-gu Seoul, Republic of Korea, zip code 130-701

E-mail: kang.youngmi08@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

There is no integrated theoretical model explaining help-seeking for urinary incontinence (UI) that links individual factors to socio-cultural and systemic factors among Korean-American women. The purpose of this article was to develop a theoretical model derived from a systemic perspective to explain the help-seeking among Korean-American women with UI. The Behavioural Model for Vulnerable Populations derived from a systemic perspective was adapted to develop a theoretical model. Individual factors (i.e. biological risk factors, health beliefs, social structure, income, a regular source of health care and perceived need), systemic factors (i.e. social support and transportation), and unique cultural factors (i.e. acculturation, family tradition and authority, and the preference of a health care provider) were included in the theoretical model. A proposed theoretical model in this article will give an opportunity to understand the relationships among factors that influence to help-seeking among Korean-American women with UI. This will be helpful to design culturally competent UI care intervention for Korean-American women.

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