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Preliminary results of 2009 pandemic influenza surveillance in the United States using the Aggregate Hospitalization and Death Reporting Activity

Authors


Michael A. Jhung and Lyn Finelli, 1600 Clifton Road, MS-A32, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. E-mail: mjhung@cdc.gov, lyf8@cdc.gov

Abstract

Please cite this paper as: Jhung et al. (2011) Preliminary results of 2009 pandemic influenza surveillance in the United States using the Aggregate Hospitalization and Death Reporting Activity. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses 5(5), 321–327.

Background  To augment established influenza surveillance systems in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists implemented the Aggregate Hospitalization and Death Reporting Activity (AHDRA) in August 2009. The AHDRA was designed to meet increased demands for timely and detailed information describing illness severity during the 2009 H1N1 influenza A (pH1N1) pandemic response.

Objectives  We describe the implementation of AHDRA and provide preliminary results from this new surveillance activity.

Methods  All 50 US states were asked to report influenza-associated hospitalizations and deaths to AHDRA each week using either a laboratory-confirmed or syndromic surveillance definition. Aggregate counts were used to calculate age-specific weekly and cumulative rates per 100 000, and laboratory-confirmed reports were used to estimate the age distribution of pH1N1 influenza-associated hospitalizations and deaths.

Results  From August 30, 2009, through April 6, 2010, AHDRA identified 41 689 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations and 2096 laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated deaths. Aggregate Hospitalization and Death Reporting Activity rates peaked earlier than hospitalization and death rates seen in previous influenza seasons with other surveillance systems, and the age distribution of cases revealed a tendency for hospitalizations and deaths to occur in persons <65 years for age.

Conclusions  Aggregate Hospitalization and Death Reporting Activity laboratory-confirmed reports provided important information during the 2009 pandemic response. Aggregate Hospitalization and Death Reporting Activity syndromic reports were marked by low representativeness and specificity and were therefore less useful. The AHDRA was implemented quickly and may be a useful surveillance system to monitor severe illness during future influenza pandemics.

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