The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Sentinel surveillance for influenza and other respiratory viruses in Côte d’Ivoire, 2003–2010
Article first published online: 2 AUG 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Volume 7, Issue 3, pages 296–303, May 2013
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How to Cite
Kadjo, H. A., Ekaza, E., Coulibaly, D., Kouassi, D. P., Nzussouo, N. T., Kouakou, B., Ouattara, A., Adjogoua, E. V., Akoua–Koffi, C. G., Elia, G. A., Victoir, K., Bretin-Dosso, M. C. and Mott, J. A. (2013), Sentinel surveillance for influenza and other respiratory viruses in Côte d’Ivoire, 2003–2010. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, 7: 296–303. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2012.00389.x
- Issue published online: 17 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 2 AUG 2012
- Accepted 29 April 2012. Published Online 2 August 2012.
- Côte d’Ivoire;
- influenza viruses;
- respiratory viruses;
- sentinel surveillance
Background Many countries in Africa have lacked sentinel surveillance systems for influenza and are under-represented in data used for global vaccine strain selection.
Objectives We describe 8 years of sentinel surveillance data and the contribution of influenza and other viruses to medically attended influenza-like illness (ILI) in Côte d’Ivoire.
Methods Sentinel surveillance was established in 2003. Nasopharyngeal (NP) specimens and epidemiologic data are collected from persons of all ages presenting with ILI at sentinel sites. Respiratory specimens have been tested for influenza using various viral and molecular diagnostic methods. A subset of 470 specimens collected from children aged 0–5 years were tested for multiple respiratory viruses using RT-PCR.
Results From 2003 to 2010, 5074 NP specimens were collected from patients with ILI. Overall, 969/5074 (19%) of these specimens tested positive for influenza. Seasonal influenza A(H1N1) viruses predominated during 5 years and influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominated during 3 years. Influenza B viruses cocirculated with influenza A viruses during each year from 2004 to 2010. Seasonal peaks in influenza circulation were observed during the months of May, June, and October, with the largest peak corresponding with the primary rainfall season. Of 470 specimens collected from children under aged 5 who were tested for multiple respiratory viruses, a viral respiratory pathogen was detected in 401/470 (85%) of specimens. Commonly detected viruses were RSV (113 of 470 specimens, 24%), rhinoviruses (85/470, 18%), influenza (77/470, 16%), and parainfluenza (75/470, 16%).
Conclusion In Côte d’Ivoire, there is a significant annual contribution of influenza and other respiratory viruses to medically attended ILI.