Many ways to make an influenza virus – review of influenza virus reverse genetics methods
Article first published online: 19 JUN 2012
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Volume 7, Issue 3, pages 249–256, May 2013
How to Cite
Engelhardt, O. G. (2013), Many ways to make an influenza virus – review of influenza virus reverse genetics methods. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, 7: 249–256. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2012.00392.x
- Issue published online: 17 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 19 JUN 2012
- Accepted 10 May 2012. Published online 19 June 2012.
- Candidate vaccine viruses;
- influenza virus;
- reverse genetics
Methods to introduce targeted mutations into a genome or, in the context of virology, into a virus are subsumed under the term reverse genetics (RG). Influenza viruses are important human pathogens that continue to surprise us. The development of RG for influenza viruses has greatly expanded our knowledge about influenza virus and enabled researchers to generate influenza viruses with rationally designed genotypes. Currently, a wide array of influenza virus RG methods is available. These can all be traced to fundamental principles essential in any RG system for negative-strand RNA viruses. This review gives an overview of these principles and of the multitude of RG methods, categorising them by technical characteristics.