The findings reported here were presented at the meeting of the American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, December 9, 2008, New Orleans, USA.
Hospitalization due to human parainfluenza virus–associated lower respiratory tract illness in rural Thailand
Article first published online: 21 JUN 2012
Published 2012. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA
Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Volume 7, Issue 3, pages 280–285, May 2013
How to Cite
Morgan, O. W., Chittaganpitch, M., Clague, B., Chantra, S., Sanasuttipun, W., Prapasiri, P., Naorat, S., Laosirithavorn, Y., Peret, T. C. T., Erdman, D. D., Baggett, H. C., Olsen, S. J. and Fry, A. M. (2013), Hospitalization due to human parainfluenza virus–associated lower respiratory tract illness in rural Thailand. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, 7: 280–285. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2012.00393.x
- Issue published online: 17 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 21 JUN 2012
- Accepted 14 May 2012. Published online 21 June 2012.
- Human parainfluenza viruses;
Background Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) are an important cause of acute respiratory illness in young children but little is known about their epidemiology in the tropics.
Methods From 2003–2007, we conducted surveillance for hospitalized respiratory illness in rural Thailand. We performed reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction on nasopharyngeal specimens and enzyme immunoassay on paired sera
Results Of 10,097 patients enrolled, 573 (5%) of all ages and 370 (9%) of children <5 years of age had evidence of HPIV infection (HPIV1=189, HPIV2=54, HPIV3=305, untyped=27). Average adjusted annual incidence of HPIV-associated hospitalized respiratory illness was greatest in children aged <1 year (485 per 100,000 person years).
Conclusions In Thailand, HPIV caused substantial illnesses requiring hospitalization in young children.