Epithelial differentiation in glioblastomas (GBM) may be associated with circumscribed growth and focal keratin expression resembling carcinoma metastasis. Therefore these rare lesions can pose a diagnostic problem suggesting coincidental occurrence of two separate neoplasms. However molecular analysis should succeed in establishing a common origin of seemingly unrelated tumor samples. Five GBMs exhibiting epithelial differentiation were microdissected and analyzed for mutations in the TP53 gene. SSCP analysis of exons 5–8 was followed by direct sequencing of aberrantly migrating fragments. TP53 mutations were identified in tumors from two of five patients. A G [RIGHTWARDS ARROW] T transversion in codon 176 was detected in a tumor, initially diagnosed as metastases of unknown origin, however, a later autopsy revealed GBM. In this lesion, the mutation was observed in both, areas of astrocytic differentiation and areas of epithelial differentiation. One tumor diagnosed as GBM with epithelial differentiation carried C[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]T transition in codon 211 in both, areas of astrocytic and epithelial differentiation. Thus, molecular analysis proved clonality in two GBMs with epithelial differentiation, thereby excluding a collision tumor. The present data support the concept of clonal origin of these morphologically heterogeneous lesions.