Control of Browning and Microbial Growth on Fresh-Cut Apples by Sequential Treatment of Sanitizers and Calcium Ascorbate

Authors

  • Hua Wang,

    1. Author Wang and Feng are with Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, U.S.A. Author Luo is with Produce Quality and Safety Laboratory, USDA, ARS, 10300 Baltimore Ave., Beltsville, MD 20705, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Feng (E-mail: haofeng@uiuc.edu).
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  • Hao Feng,

    1. Author Wang and Feng are with Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, U.S.A. Author Luo is with Produce Quality and Safety Laboratory, USDA, ARS, 10300 Baltimore Ave., Beltsville, MD 20705, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Feng (E-mail: haofeng@uiuc.edu).
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  • Yaguang Luo

    1. Author Wang and Feng are with Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, U.S.A. Author Luo is with Produce Quality and Safety Laboratory, USDA, ARS, 10300 Baltimore Ave., Beltsville, MD 20705, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Feng (E-mail: haofeng@uiuc.edu).
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Abstract

ABSTRACT:  This study investigated the efficacy of different sanitizers, including acidic electrolyzed water (AEW), peroxyacetic acid (POAA), and chlorine, on the inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on fresh-cut apples. The effects of the sanitizers and sequential treatments of AEW or POAA followed by calcium ascorbate (CaA) on browning inhibition and organoleptic qualities of fresh-cut apples stored under different package atmospheres at 4 °C were also evaluated. Changes in package atmosphere composition, product color, firmness, total aerobic bacterial counts, yeast and mold counts, and sensory qualities were examined at 0, 4, 8, 11, and 21 d. Among all sanitizer treatments, POAA and AEW achieved the highest reduction on E. coli O157:H7 populations. The sequential treatment of AEW followed by CaA (AEW-CaA) achieved the best overall dual control of browning and bacterial growth on fresh-cut apple wedges. Package atmospheres changed significantly over time and among package materials. Packages prepared with films having an oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of 158 had significantly lower O2 and higher CO2 partial pressures than those prepared with 225 OTR films and the Ziploc™ bags. The effect of package atmospheres on the browning of apples is more pronounced on AEW, POAA, and POAA-CaA-treated apple wedges than on AEW-CaA-treated samples.

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