• E. coli O157:H7;
  • foodborne pathogens;
  • Listeria monocytogenes;
  • pork;
  • ready-to-eat;
  • Salmonella;
  • thermal inactivation

ABSTRACT:  Decimal reduction times (D-values) and thermal resistance constants (z-values) for 3 foodborne pathogenic bacteria in formulated ready-to-eat breaded pork patties were determined with thermal inactivation studies. Meat samples, inoculated with Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes cultures or uninoculated controls, were packaged in sterile bags, immersed in circulated water bath, and held at 55, 57.5, 60, 62.5, 65, 67.5, and 70 °C for different durations of time. The D- and z-values were determined by using a linear regression model. Average calculated D-values for E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and L. monocytogenes at a temperature range of 55 to 70 °C were 32.11 to 0.08 min, 69.48 to 0.29 min, and 150.46 to 0.43 min, respectively. Calculated z-values for E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and L. monocytogenes were 5.4, 6.2, and 5.9 °C, respectively. The results of this study will be useful to food processors to validate thermal lethality of the studied foodborne pathogens in ready-to-eat breaded pork patties.