• β-carotene production;
  • high hydrostatic pressure;
  • response surface methodology;
  • Rhodotorula glutinis

ABSTRACT: Rhodotorula glutinis RG6 was treated by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) of 300 MPa for 15 min for improving its ability of β-carotene production. After the treatments of 5 repeated cycles, the mutant strain RG6p was obtained, β-carotene production of which reached 10.01 mg/L, increased by 57.89% compared with 6.34 mg/L from parent strain RG6. To optimize the medium for β-carotene fermentation by mutant RG6p, a response surface methodology (RSM) approach was used in conjunction with a factorial design and a central composite design, and the maximum yield of β-carotene (13.43 mg/L), an increase of 34.17% compared to the control, was obtained at a pH 6.7 with an optimum medium (40 mL/250 mL) of yeast extract (4.23 g/L), glucose (12.11 g/L), inoculum (30 mL/L), tomato extract (2.5 mL/L), peanut oil (0.5 mL/L), and (NH4)2SO4 (5 g/L).