Heat Transfer Models for Predicting Salmonella enteritidis in Shell Eggs Through Supply Chain Distribution

Authors

  • S. Almonacid,

    1. Authors Almonacid and Simpson are with Dept. de Procesos Químicos, Biotecnológicos, y Ambientales, Univ. Técnica Federico Santa María, P.O. Box 110-V, Valparaíso, Chile. Author Teixeira is with Dept. of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Inst. of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), Univ. of Florida, 207 Frazier Rogers Hall, P.O. Box 110570, Gainesville, FL 32611-0570, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Almonacid (E-mail: sergio.almonacid@usm.cl).
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  • R. Simpson,

    1. Authors Almonacid and Simpson are with Dept. de Procesos Químicos, Biotecnológicos, y Ambientales, Univ. Técnica Federico Santa María, P.O. Box 110-V, Valparaíso, Chile. Author Teixeira is with Dept. of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Inst. of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), Univ. of Florida, 207 Frazier Rogers Hall, P.O. Box 110570, Gainesville, FL 32611-0570, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Almonacid (E-mail: sergio.almonacid@usm.cl).
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  • A. Teixeira

    1. Authors Almonacid and Simpson are with Dept. de Procesos Químicos, Biotecnológicos, y Ambientales, Univ. Técnica Federico Santa María, P.O. Box 110-V, Valparaíso, Chile. Author Teixeira is with Dept. of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Inst. of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), Univ. of Florida, 207 Frazier Rogers Hall, P.O. Box 110570, Gainesville, FL 32611-0570, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Almonacid (E-mail: sergio.almonacid@usm.cl).
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Abstract

ABSTRACT:  Egg and egg preparations are important vehicles for Salmonella enteritidis infections. The influence of time–temperature becomes important when the presence of this organism is found in commercial shell eggs. A computer-aided mathematical model was validated to estimate surface and interior temperature of shell eggs under variable ambient and refrigerated storage temperature. A risk assessment of S. enteritidis based on the use of this model, coupled with S. enteritidis kinetics, has already been reported in a companion paper published earlier in JFS. The model considered the actual geometry and composition of shell eggs and was solved by numerical techniques (finite differences and finite elements). Parameters of interest such as local (h) and global (U) heat transfer coefficient, thermal conductivity, and apparent volumetric specific heat were estimated by an inverse procedure from experimental temperature measurement. In order to assess the error in predicting microbial population growth, theoretical and experimental temperatures were applied to a S. enteritidis growth model taken from the literature. Errors between values of microbial population growth calculated from model predicted compared with experimentally measured temperatures were satisfactorily low: 1.1% and 0.8% for the finite difference and finite element model, respectively.

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