• enzyme immobilization;
  • histidine;
  • lysozyme;
  • Michaelis–Menten kinetics

ABSTRACT:  Lysozyme [EC] was covalently attached to polystyrene resin beads by the sole histidine residue (His-15) through peptide spacers of various lengths. The spacers were amino acid chains composed of 6-aminocaproic acid synthesized with the solid phase peptide synthesis method. Immobilized lysozyme with a spacer length of three 6-aminocaproic acid units (2736 U/g resin with a protein load of 2.21 mg/g resin) displayed the greatest degree of hydrolytic activity against lyophilized Micrococcus lysodeikticus cell wall preparations. Enzymatic activity of immobilized lysozyme was 14.2% of that of the free enzyme. Preparations with longer spacers yielded higher total activity yet the retained activity was constant at about 14% level. A control that consisted of randomly coupled lysozyme to polystyrene beads without an amino acid spacer gave an enzyme activity of 158 U/g with a protein load of 1.24 mg/g resin which equated to 1.4% retained activity. Properties of the immobilized lysozyme system were studied, including stability and activity against soluble compared with insoluble substrates. A kinetics study of the immobilized lysozyme using Eadie–Hofstee plot parameters suggested significant external diffusion effects indicative of deviation from classic Michaelis–Menten kinetic behavior.