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Keywords:

  • antilisterial;
  • hops beta acids;
  • Listeria monocytogenes

ABSTRACT:  Hops beta acids (HBA) are parts of hops flowers used to preserve wort and provide flavor in beer, and are reported as having antimicrobial properties. This study evaluated the antilisterial activity of HBA alone or in combination with other known antimicrobials in a culture broth medium. Listeria monocytogenes (10-strain mixture) was inoculated (2.6 to 2.8 log CFU/mL) into tryptic soy broth supplemented with 0.6% yeast extract (TSBYE) without (control) or with HBA (0.5 to 5.0 μg/mL), potassium lactate (1.0%), sodium diacetate (0.25%), or acetic acid (0.1%), alone or in combination with HBA (0.5 to 3.0 μg/mL). Survival/growth of the pathogen during storage at 4 °C (35 d), 10 °C (20 d), or 25 °C (2 d) was periodically monitored by spiral plating onto tryptic soy agar plus 0.6% yeast extract. As expected, TSBYE without antimicrobials (control) supported rapid pathogen growth with growth rates of 0.40, 2.88, and 9.58 log CFU/mL/d at 4, 10, and 25 °C, respectively; corresponding Yend values exceeded 9.0 log CFU/mL at 35, 20, and 2 d storage. HBA used alone (1.0 to 5.0 μg/mL) inhibited growth of L. monocytogenes at all 3 temperatures, with inhibition being more pronounced at higher concentrations and at the lower storage temperature (4 °C). The antilisterial activity of HBA (0.5 to 3.0 μg/mL) was enhanced when combined with sodium diacetate, acetic acid, or potassium lactate, achieving complete inhibition at 4 °C when 3.0 μg/mL HBA were used in combination with each of the above antimicrobials. Overall, HBA exhibited promising antilisterial activity in a broth medium and further studies are needed to investigate its potential antilisterial effects in food products.