ABSTRACT: Capillary electrophoresis was used to characterize glutenin proteins from ancient varieties of Southern Italy common wheat and to determine the technological properties of wheat flours based on a glutenin index. Three zones were identified in the electropherograms, indicated as A, B, and C according to electroelution order. The three zones corresponded to the low molecular weight glutenin subunits and to the y- and x-type high molecular weight subunits, respectively. The ratio B/C was correlated to the alveographic parameter P/L. These results indicated that flours resulting in a B/C ratio lower than 2 produced elastic doughs whereas flours resulting in a B/C ratio higher than 2 produced doughs more resistant to extension. This study showed that capillary electrophoresis is useful for determining the types and quantities of gluten proteins in the evaluation of wheat-flour technological properties of a limited number of noncommercial varieties as evidenced by the x-type content which seems to strongly influence the flour technological parameters.