Evaluation of the Ability of Eleutherine americana Crude Extract as Natural Food Additive in Cooked Pork

Authors

  • B.O.T. Ifesan,

    1. Authors Ifesan and Voravuthikunchai are with Dept. of Microbiology. Author Siripongvutikorn is with Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry. Author Hutadilok-Towatana is with Dept. of Biochemistry and authors Hutadilok-Towatana and Voravuthikunchai are also with Natural Products Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla Univ., Songkhla, 90112, Thailand. Direct inquiries to author Voravuthikunchai (E-mail: supayang.v@psu.ac.th).
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  • S. Siripongvutikorn,

    1. Authors Ifesan and Voravuthikunchai are with Dept. of Microbiology. Author Siripongvutikorn is with Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry. Author Hutadilok-Towatana is with Dept. of Biochemistry and authors Hutadilok-Towatana and Voravuthikunchai are also with Natural Products Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla Univ., Songkhla, 90112, Thailand. Direct inquiries to author Voravuthikunchai (E-mail: supayang.v@psu.ac.th).
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  • N. Hutadilok-Towatana,

    1. Authors Ifesan and Voravuthikunchai are with Dept. of Microbiology. Author Siripongvutikorn is with Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry. Author Hutadilok-Towatana is with Dept. of Biochemistry and authors Hutadilok-Towatana and Voravuthikunchai are also with Natural Products Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla Univ., Songkhla, 90112, Thailand. Direct inquiries to author Voravuthikunchai (E-mail: supayang.v@psu.ac.th).
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  • S.P. Voravuthikunchai

    1. Authors Ifesan and Voravuthikunchai are with Dept. of Microbiology. Author Siripongvutikorn is with Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry. Author Hutadilok-Towatana is with Dept. of Biochemistry and authors Hutadilok-Towatana and Voravuthikunchai are also with Natural Products Research Centre, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla Univ., Songkhla, 90112, Thailand. Direct inquiries to author Voravuthikunchai (E-mail: supayang.v@psu.ac.th).
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Abstract

ABSTRACT:  The scavenging activities of crude ethanolic extract from Eleutherine americana, on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl free radicals were investigated. The results revealed that the extract produced IC50 values of 8.4 μg/mL and 0.78 mg/mL on DPPH and hydroxyl free radicals, respectively. The total phenolic content of the extract was determined using the Folin–Ciocalteu reagent and the crude extract yielded high phenolic content of 4.56 μmol gallic acid equivalent per milligram dried extract. The extract, at different concentrations, was incorporated into pork, cooked in the microwave, and stored at 4 °C for 9 d. The crude extract demonstrated antioxidant activity, which increases with increased extract concentrations and retarded lipid oxidation in the cooked pork. Antibacterial activity of the extract against Staphylococcus aureus in the cooked pork revealed that at a concentration of 10.8 mg/100 g, the extract reduced the bacterial population by 0.57 log compared to control at 9 d of storage. The sensory results revealed that the pork samples treated with the extract and the control sample were not significantly different from day 0 to 6; however, on day 9 the treatments were significantly scored higher than the control. Furthermore, addition of the extract led to an increase in the redness values of the pork and this was acceptable from the sensory point of view. E. americana crude extract could be a promising novel antioxidant to prevent lipid oxidation and a potential natural color enhancer of red meat and meat products.

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