Slow Molecular Mobility in the Amorphous Solid State of Fructose: Fragility and Aging

Authors

  • Natália T. Correia,

    1. Author Correia is with REQUIMTE, Depart. de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Univ. Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal. Author Diogo is with CQE – Centro de Química Estrutural, Complexo I, IST, TULisbon, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal. Author Moura Ramos is with CQFM – Centro de Química-Física Molecular and IN − Inst. of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Insti. Superior Técnico, Univ. Técnica de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal. Direct inquiries to author Moura Ramos (E-mail: mouraramos@ist.utl.pt)
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  • Hermínio P. Diogo,

    1. Author Correia is with REQUIMTE, Depart. de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Univ. Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal. Author Diogo is with CQE – Centro de Química Estrutural, Complexo I, IST, TULisbon, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal. Author Moura Ramos is with CQFM – Centro de Química-Física Molecular and IN − Inst. of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Insti. Superior Técnico, Univ. Técnica de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal. Direct inquiries to author Moura Ramos (E-mail: mouraramos@ist.utl.pt)
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  • Joaquim J. Moura Ramos

    1. Author Correia is with REQUIMTE, Depart. de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Univ. Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal. Author Diogo is with CQE – Centro de Química Estrutural, Complexo I, IST, TULisbon, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal. Author Moura Ramos is with CQFM – Centro de Química-Física Molecular and IN − Inst. of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Insti. Superior Técnico, Univ. Técnica de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal. Direct inquiries to author Moura Ramos (E-mail: mouraramos@ist.utl.pt)
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Abstract

ABSTRACT:  The molecular mobility of β-D-fructose was studied by thermally stimulated depolarization currents (TSDC) in the amorphous solid state. The amorphous solid samples were prepared in such a way that the tautomeric mixture was near the equilibrium composition. A broad secondary relaxation was observed, that merges, at high temperatures, with the alpha relaxation. The alpha relaxation temperature provided by the TSDC technique is Tg = 13 °C (at 4 K min−1). The fragility index calculated from TSDC data is m = 34, significantly lower when compared with the values reported in the literature obtained from Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy (DRS). The physical significance of the fragility obtained by the 2 dielectric techniques is discussed. The influence of physical aging on the secondary relaxation in amorphous fructose was analyzed as the glass structurally relaxes. A complex behavior was observed such that the faster components (lower temperature) of the secondary relaxation are negligibly dependent on aging and may be ascribed to intramolecular modes of motion, while the slower motional modes (higher temperature) show a significant dependence on aging and correspond to the genuine Johari–Goldstein β-relaxation.

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