Thermodynamic Analysis of Water Vapor Sorption Isotherms and Mechanical Properties of Selected Paper-Based Food Packaging Materials

Authors

  • Jong-Whan Rhim,

    1. Author Rhim is with Dept. of Food Engineering, Mokpo National Univ., 61 Dorimri, Chungkyemyon, Muangun, Jeonnam 534-729, Republic of Korea. Author Lee is with Dept. of Food Science & Engineering, Daegu Univ., 15 Naeri, Jillyang, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 712-714, Republic of Korea. Direct inquiries to author Rhim (E-mail: jwrhim@mokpo.ac.kr).
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  • Jun Ho Lee

    1. Author Rhim is with Dept. of Food Engineering, Mokpo National Univ., 61 Dorimri, Chungkyemyon, Muangun, Jeonnam 534-729, Republic of Korea. Author Lee is with Dept. of Food Science & Engineering, Daegu Univ., 15 Naeri, Jillyang, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 712-714, Republic of Korea. Direct inquiries to author Rhim (E-mail: jwrhim@mokpo.ac.kr).
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Abstract

ABSTRACT:  Adsorption isotherms of 3 selected paper-based packaging materials, that is, vegetable parchment (VP) paper, Kraft paper, and solid-bleached-sulfate (SBS) paperboard, were determined at 3 different temperatures (25, 40, and 50 °C). The GAB isotherm model was found to fit adequately for describing experimental adsorption isotherm data for the paper samples. The monolayer moisture content of the paper samples decreased with increase in temperature, which is in the range of 0.0345 to 0.0246, 0.0301 to 0.0238, and 0.0318 to 0.0243 g water/g solid for the MG paper, the Kraft paper, and the SBS paperboard, respectively. The net isosteric heats of sorption (qst) for the paper samples decreased exponentially with increase in moisture content after reaching the maximum values of 18.51, 27.39, and 26.80 kJ/mol for the VP paper, the Kraft paper, and the SBS paperboard, respectively, at low-moisture content. The differential enthalpy and entropy of 3 paper samples showed compensation phenomenon with the isokinetic temperature of 399.7 K indicating that water vapor had been adsorbed onto the paper samples with the same mechanism. Depending on the paper material, tensile strength of paper samples was affected by moisture content.

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