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Effects of Boiling on the IgE-Binding Properties of Tropomyosin of Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei )

Authors

  • Guang-Ming Liu,

    1. Authors Liu, Su, and Cao are with College of Biological Engineering, The Key Lab. of Science and Technology for Aquaculture and Food Safety, Jimei Univ., 43 Yindou Rd., Xiamen, Fujian, 361021, China. Authors Liu, Cheng, Nesbit, and Maleki are with U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Southern Regional Research Center, 1100 Robert E. Lee Boulevard, New Orleans, LA 70124, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Maleki (E-mail: Soheila.Maleki@ARS.USDA.GOV).
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  • Hsiaopo Cheng,

    1. Authors Liu, Su, and Cao are with College of Biological Engineering, The Key Lab. of Science and Technology for Aquaculture and Food Safety, Jimei Univ., 43 Yindou Rd., Xiamen, Fujian, 361021, China. Authors Liu, Cheng, Nesbit, and Maleki are with U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Southern Regional Research Center, 1100 Robert E. Lee Boulevard, New Orleans, LA 70124, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Maleki (E-mail: Soheila.Maleki@ARS.USDA.GOV).
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  • Jacqueline B. Nesbit,

    1. Authors Liu, Su, and Cao are with College of Biological Engineering, The Key Lab. of Science and Technology for Aquaculture and Food Safety, Jimei Univ., 43 Yindou Rd., Xiamen, Fujian, 361021, China. Authors Liu, Cheng, Nesbit, and Maleki are with U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Southern Regional Research Center, 1100 Robert E. Lee Boulevard, New Orleans, LA 70124, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Maleki (E-mail: Soheila.Maleki@ARS.USDA.GOV).
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  • Wen-Jin Su,

    1. Authors Liu, Su, and Cao are with College of Biological Engineering, The Key Lab. of Science and Technology for Aquaculture and Food Safety, Jimei Univ., 43 Yindou Rd., Xiamen, Fujian, 361021, China. Authors Liu, Cheng, Nesbit, and Maleki are with U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Southern Regional Research Center, 1100 Robert E. Lee Boulevard, New Orleans, LA 70124, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Maleki (E-mail: Soheila.Maleki@ARS.USDA.GOV).
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  • Min-Jie Cao,

    1. Authors Liu, Su, and Cao are with College of Biological Engineering, The Key Lab. of Science and Technology for Aquaculture and Food Safety, Jimei Univ., 43 Yindou Rd., Xiamen, Fujian, 361021, China. Authors Liu, Cheng, Nesbit, and Maleki are with U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Southern Regional Research Center, 1100 Robert E. Lee Boulevard, New Orleans, LA 70124, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Maleki (E-mail: Soheila.Maleki@ARS.USDA.GOV).
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  • Soheila J. Maleki

    1. Authors Liu, Su, and Cao are with College of Biological Engineering, The Key Lab. of Science and Technology for Aquaculture and Food Safety, Jimei Univ., 43 Yindou Rd., Xiamen, Fujian, 361021, China. Authors Liu, Cheng, Nesbit, and Maleki are with U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Southern Regional Research Center, 1100 Robert E. Lee Boulevard, New Orleans, LA 70124, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Maleki (E-mail: Soheila.Maleki@ARS.USDA.GOV).
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Abstract

ABSTRACT:  The thermal stability and IgE binding of raw and boiled shrimp extracts and the tropomyosins (TM) have not been reported. In this study, we compare the stability of raw and boiled shrimp TM of Litopenaeus vannamei and evaluate how boiling may alter the allergenicity of L. vannamei. Extracts were prepared from raw and boiled shrimp and analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional electrophoresis. The IgE-binding of the extracts was determined by western-blot and competitive inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA). The TM was then purified from raw and boiled shrimp, the secondary structures analyzed by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, and the IgE binding compared by slot blot analysis. The soluble protein content decreased and the higher molecular weight proteins increased in the extracts from boiled versus raw shrimp. Similar IgE binding characteristics were seen by extracts when using western blot analysis. Although iELISA results showed that extracts from raw shrimp bound higher IgE than extracts from boiled shrimp, dot-blot assay demonstrates higher IgE binding to purified TM from boiled shrimp than raw shrimp. The purified TM had a typical alpha-helical secondary structure and the stability of boiled TM was lower than that of raw TM. Extracts from boiled shrimp produce lower IgE binding than extracts from raw shrimp, which suggest that boiling can be used as a tool in attempting to reduce shrimp allergenicity. However, the purified TM from boiled shrimp, which shows enhanced IgE binding over that of raw shrimp, may be a more effective antigen in diagnosing shrimp allergy through immunoassay.

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