ABSTRACT: Structural changes and functional properties of threadfin bream (Nemipterus sp.) sarcoplasmic proteins (TB-SP) subjected to various pH conditions (pH 3, 5, 6.3, 9, and 12) after subsequent pH readjustment to pH 7 were investigated. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed the loss of α-helical and β-sheet structures of TB-SP after being subjected to pH 3 or pH 12 treatments. The extent of structural and conformational changes of TB-SP subjected to pH 3 was greater than alkaline pHs (pH 9, 12) and pH 5, respectively. The water holding capacity of lyophilized TB-SP treated at pH 3 and pH 12 increased about 6.5- and 5.4-fold, respectively, as compared to the crude counterpart. Both acid and alkaline pH treatments increased fat absorption capacity of lyophilized sample about 2-fold, but drastically decreased its solubility. The water soluble fraction of extremely acidic (pH 3→7) and alkaline (pH 12→7) samples exhibited higher oil binding capacity as measured by diphenylhexatriene fluorescence and emulsifying activity. A gel-like structure was formed when water-soluble fraction of crude TB-SP and those subjected to moderate pHs (pH 5, 9) at 2 mg/mL was prepared for the emulsion containing 50% oil (v/v). Functional properties of TB-SP varied, depending on the pH-adjustment process applied.