Quality of Ready to Serve Tilapia Fish Curry with PUFA in Retortable Pouches
Article first published online: 22 SEP 2010
© 2010 Institute of Food Technologists®
Journal of Food Science
Volume 75, Issue 7, pages S348–S354, September 2010
How to Cite
Dhanapal, K., Reddy, G.V.S., Nayak, B.B., Basu, S., Shashidhar, K., Venkateshwarlu, G. and Chouksey, M.K. (2010), Quality of Ready to Serve Tilapia Fish Curry with PUFA in Retortable Pouches. Journal of Food Science, 75: S348–S354. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01762.x
- Issue published online: 22 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 22 SEP 2010
- MS 20090956 Submitted 9/28/2009, Accepted 6/20/2010.
- retort pouch;
- shelf life;
- thermal processing;
Abstract: Studies on the physical, chemical, and microbiological qualities of fresh tilapia meat revealed its suitability for the preparation of ready to eat fish curry packed in retort pouches. Studies on the fatty acid profile of tilapia meat suggest fortification with polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) to increase the nutritional value. Based on the commercial sterility, sensory evaluation, color, and texture profile analysis F0 value of 6.94 and cook value of 107.24, with a total process time of 50.24 min at 116 °C was satisfactory for the development of tilapia fish curry in retort pouches. Thermally processed ready to eat south Indian type tilapia fish curry fortified with PUFA was developed and its keeping quality studied at ambient temperature. During storage, a slight increase in the fat content of fish meat was observed, with no significant change in the contents of moisture, protein, and ash. The thiobarbituric acid (TBA) values of fish curry significantly increased during storage. Fish curry fortified with 1% cod liver oil and fish curry without fortification (control) did not show any significant difference in the levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), during thermal processing and storage. Sensory analysis revealed that fortification of fish curry with cod liver oil had no impact on the quality. Tilapia fish curry processed at 116 °C and F0 value of 7.0 (with or without fortification of cod liver oil) was fit for consumption, even after a period of 1-y storage in retort pouch.
Practical Application: Tilapia is a lean variety of fish with white flesh and therefore an ideal choice as raw material for the development of ready to serve fish products such as fish curry in retort pouches for both domestic and international markets. Ready to eat thermal processed (116 °C and F0 value of 7.0) south Indian type tilapia fish curry enriched with PUFA and packed in retort pouch was acceptable for consumption even after a storage period of 1 y at ambient temperature.