Preparation and Characterization of Agar/Clay Nanocomposite Films: The Effect of Clay Type

Authors

  • Jong-Whan Rhim,

    1. Authors Rhim and Lee are with Dept. of Food Engineering, Mokpo Natl. Univ., 960 Muanro, Chungkyemyon, Muangun, Jeonnam 534-729, Republic of Korea. Author Hong is with Korea Food Research Inst., 516 Baekhyun, Bundang, Seongnam, Kyonggi 463-746, Republic of Korea. Direct inquiries to author Rhim (E-mail: jwrhim@mokpo.ac.kr).
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  • Soo-Bin Lee,

    1. Authors Rhim and Lee are with Dept. of Food Engineering, Mokpo Natl. Univ., 960 Muanro, Chungkyemyon, Muangun, Jeonnam 534-729, Republic of Korea. Author Hong is with Korea Food Research Inst., 516 Baekhyun, Bundang, Seongnam, Kyonggi 463-746, Republic of Korea. Direct inquiries to author Rhim (E-mail: jwrhim@mokpo.ac.kr).
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  • Seok-In Hong

    1. Authors Rhim and Lee are with Dept. of Food Engineering, Mokpo Natl. Univ., 960 Muanro, Chungkyemyon, Muangun, Jeonnam 534-729, Republic of Korea. Author Hong is with Korea Food Research Inst., 516 Baekhyun, Bundang, Seongnam, Kyonggi 463-746, Republic of Korea. Direct inquiries to author Rhim (E-mail: jwrhim@mokpo.ac.kr).
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Abstract

Abstract:  Agar-based nanocomposite films with different types of nanoclays, such as Cloisite Na+, Cloisite 30B, and Cloisite 20A, were prepared using a solvent casting method, and their tensile, water vapor barrier, and antimicrobial properties were tested. Tensile strength (TS), elongation at break (E), and water vapor permeability (WVP) of control agar film were 29.7 ± 1.7 MPa, 45.3 ± 9.6%, and (2.22 ± 0.19) × 10−9 g·m/m2·s·Pa, respectively. All the film properties tested, including transmittance, tensile properties, WVP, and X-ray diffraction patterns, indicated that Cloisite Na+ was the most compatible with agar matrix. TS of the nanocomposite films prepared with 5% Cloisite Na+ increased by 18%, while WVP of the nanocomposite films decreased by 24% through nanoclay compounding. Among the agar/clay nanocomposite films tested, only agar/Cloisite 30B nanocomposite film showed a bacteriostatic function against Listeria monocytogenes.

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