CIELAB Coordinates in Response to Berry Skin Anthocyanins and Their Composition in Vitis

Authors

  • Zhenchang Liang,

    1. Authors Liang, Fan, Wu, and Wang are with Inst. of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100093, P. R. China. Authors Liang and Li are with Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Speciality Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China. Author Sang is with Inst. of Hydrobiology, Jinan Univ., Guangzhou 510632, P. R. China. Author Yang is with The Inst. of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, P. R. China. Direct inquiries to author Li (E-mail: shhli@wbgcas.cn).
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  • Min Sang,

    1. Authors Liang, Fan, Wu, and Wang are with Inst. of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100093, P. R. China. Authors Liang and Li are with Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Speciality Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China. Author Sang is with Inst. of Hydrobiology, Jinan Univ., Guangzhou 510632, P. R. China. Author Yang is with The Inst. of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, P. R. China. Direct inquiries to author Li (E-mail: shhli@wbgcas.cn).
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  • Peige Fan,

    1. Authors Liang, Fan, Wu, and Wang are with Inst. of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100093, P. R. China. Authors Liang and Li are with Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Speciality Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China. Author Sang is with Inst. of Hydrobiology, Jinan Univ., Guangzhou 510632, P. R. China. Author Yang is with The Inst. of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, P. R. China. Direct inquiries to author Li (E-mail: shhli@wbgcas.cn).
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  • Benhong Wu,

    1. Authors Liang, Fan, Wu, and Wang are with Inst. of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100093, P. R. China. Authors Liang and Li are with Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Speciality Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China. Author Sang is with Inst. of Hydrobiology, Jinan Univ., Guangzhou 510632, P. R. China. Author Yang is with The Inst. of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, P. R. China. Direct inquiries to author Li (E-mail: shhli@wbgcas.cn).
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  • Lijun Wang,

    1. Authors Liang, Fan, Wu, and Wang are with Inst. of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100093, P. R. China. Authors Liang and Li are with Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Speciality Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China. Author Sang is with Inst. of Hydrobiology, Jinan Univ., Guangzhou 510632, P. R. China. Author Yang is with The Inst. of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, P. R. China. Direct inquiries to author Li (E-mail: shhli@wbgcas.cn).
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  • Shuhua Yang,

    1. Authors Liang, Fan, Wu, and Wang are with Inst. of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100093, P. R. China. Authors Liang and Li are with Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Speciality Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China. Author Sang is with Inst. of Hydrobiology, Jinan Univ., Guangzhou 510632, P. R. China. Author Yang is with The Inst. of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, P. R. China. Direct inquiries to author Li (E-mail: shhli@wbgcas.cn).
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  • Shaohua Li

    1. Authors Liang, Fan, Wu, and Wang are with Inst. of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100093, P. R. China. Authors Liang and Li are with Key Laboratory of Plant Germplasm Enhancement and Speciality Agriculture, Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China. Author Sang is with Inst. of Hydrobiology, Jinan Univ., Guangzhou 510632, P. R. China. Author Yang is with The Inst. of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, P. R. China. Direct inquiries to author Li (E-mail: shhli@wbgcas.cn).
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Abstract

Abstract:  Berry skin color OIV index, anthocyanin composition, and content of 78 grape cultivars were surveyed using a CIELAB system and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-mass spectrometry (MS) coupled with photodiode array detection. There were high correlations between L*, b*, and color, while a* was not a representative parameter. L* and b* values declined as berry skin color OIV became darker, and a* increased as berry skin color OIV became darker in pink and red grape cultivars only. The composition and content of anthocyanins varied widely among the cultivars. Total anthocyanins and types of anthocyanins were significantly correlated with color OIV parameters. Through multiple linear regression analysis, cyanidin derivatives had a positive effect on values of L* and b*. Delphinidin derivatives had positive effects on the value of a*. The CIELAB system gave good results for differentiation of grape berry skin color OIV.

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