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Gelation, Oxygen Permeability, and Mechanical Properties of Mammalian and Fish Gelatin Films

Authors

  • R.J. Avena-Bustillos,

    1. Authors Avena-Bustillos, Chiou, C.W. Olsen, D.A. Olsen, and McHugh are with Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan St., Albany, CA 94710, U.S.A. Author Avena-Bustillos is also with Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A. Author Bechtel is with Agricultural Research Service, Subarctic Agricultural Research Unit, 245 O’Neill Building, UAF, Fairbanks, AK 99775, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Avena-Bustillos (E-mail: roberto.avena@ars.usda.gov).
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  • B. Chiou,

    1. Authors Avena-Bustillos, Chiou, C.W. Olsen, D.A. Olsen, and McHugh are with Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan St., Albany, CA 94710, U.S.A. Author Avena-Bustillos is also with Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A. Author Bechtel is with Agricultural Research Service, Subarctic Agricultural Research Unit, 245 O’Neill Building, UAF, Fairbanks, AK 99775, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Avena-Bustillos (E-mail: roberto.avena@ars.usda.gov).
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  • C.W. Olsen,

    1. Authors Avena-Bustillos, Chiou, C.W. Olsen, D.A. Olsen, and McHugh are with Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan St., Albany, CA 94710, U.S.A. Author Avena-Bustillos is also with Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A. Author Bechtel is with Agricultural Research Service, Subarctic Agricultural Research Unit, 245 O’Neill Building, UAF, Fairbanks, AK 99775, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Avena-Bustillos (E-mail: roberto.avena@ars.usda.gov).
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  • P.J. Bechtel,

    1. Authors Avena-Bustillos, Chiou, C.W. Olsen, D.A. Olsen, and McHugh are with Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan St., Albany, CA 94710, U.S.A. Author Avena-Bustillos is also with Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A. Author Bechtel is with Agricultural Research Service, Subarctic Agricultural Research Unit, 245 O’Neill Building, UAF, Fairbanks, AK 99775, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Avena-Bustillos (E-mail: roberto.avena@ars.usda.gov).
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  • D.A. Olson,

    1. Authors Avena-Bustillos, Chiou, C.W. Olsen, D.A. Olsen, and McHugh are with Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan St., Albany, CA 94710, U.S.A. Author Avena-Bustillos is also with Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A. Author Bechtel is with Agricultural Research Service, Subarctic Agricultural Research Unit, 245 O’Neill Building, UAF, Fairbanks, AK 99775, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Avena-Bustillos (E-mail: roberto.avena@ars.usda.gov).
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  • T.H. McHugh

    1. Authors Avena-Bustillos, Chiou, C.W. Olsen, D.A. Olsen, and McHugh are with Agricultural Research Service, Western Regional Research Center, 800 Buchanan St., Albany, CA 94710, U.S.A. Author Avena-Bustillos is also with Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616, U.S.A. Author Bechtel is with Agricultural Research Service, Subarctic Agricultural Research Unit, 245 O’Neill Building, UAF, Fairbanks, AK 99775, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Avena-Bustillos (E-mail: roberto.avena@ars.usda.gov).
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Abstract

Abstract:  The objective of this study was to evaluate the gelation, thermal, mechanical, and oxygen permeability properties of different mammalian, warm- and cold-water fish gelatin solutions and films. Mammalian gelatin solutions had the highest gel set temperatures, followed by warm-water fish and then cold-water fish gelatin solutions. These differences were related to concentrations of imino acids present in each gelatin, with mammalian gelatin having the highest and cold-water fish gelatin having the lowest concentrations. Mammalian and warm-water fish gelatin films contained helical structures, whereas cold-water fish gelatin films were amorphous. This was due to the films being dried at room temperature (23 °C), which was below or near the gelation temperatures of mammalian and warm-water fish gelatin solutions and well above the gelation temperature of cold-water fish gelatin solutions. Tensile strength, percent elongation, and puncture deformation were highest in mammalian gelatin films, followed by warm-water fish gelatin film and then by cold-water fish gelatin films. Oxygen permeability values of cold-water fish gelatin films were significantly lower than those for mammalian gelatin films. These differences were most likely due to higher moisture sorption in mammalian gelatin films, leading to higher oxygen diffusivity.

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