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Efficacy of Cold-Pressed Terpeneless Valencia Oil and Its Primary Components on Inhibition of Listeria Species by Direct Contact and Exposure to Vapors



Abstract:  This study used disk diffusion assays to evaluate the effectiveness of cold-pressed terpeneless Valencia oil (CPTVO) and its primary components (linalool, citral, and decanal) at inhibiting Listeria via direct contact or exposure to vapors. In general, all Listeria strains tested responded similarly to CPTVO and its components. Direct contact with linalool produced zones of inhibition that were significantly smaller (P < 0.0001) than those associated with all other antimicrobials tested. Zones of inhibition for sealed plates were significantly larger (P < 0.0001) than those observed for unsealed plates, although the method for sealing the plates was insignificant. Exposure to CPTVO vapors resulted in zones of inhibition that were significantly smaller than those resulting from decanal vapors (P < 0.0001). The difference observed between the zones of inhibition produced by antimicrobial exposure via vapors or direct contact was only slightly significant (P = 0.02). Antimicrobial essential oil (EO) vapors may be an effective alternative to direct contact EOs to safely and effectively inhibit microorganisms while minimizing undesired organoleptic changes sometimes associated with EO contact. CPTVO and its primary components, decanal and citral, may have potential in the food industry as all natural, generally recognized as safe antimicrobials used in modified atmosphere packaging designed to inhibit Listeria without requiring direct contact with food products.

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