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Arsenic Contents in Spanish Infant Rice, Pureed Infant Foods, and Rice

Authors

  • Francisco Burló,

    1. Authors Burló, Ramírez-Gandolfo, Signes-Pastor, and Carbonell-Barrachina are with Univ. Miguel Hernandez, Dept. Tecnología Agroalimentaria, Grupo Calidad y Seguridad Alimentaria, Carretera de Beniel, km 3.2, 03312-Orihuela, Alicante, Spain. Author Haris is with the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort Univ., Hawthorn Building, The Gateway, Leicester, LEI 9BH, UK. Direct inquiries to author Carbonell-Barrachina (E-mail: angel.carbonell@umh.es).
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  • Amanda Ramírez-Gandolfo,

    1. Authors Burló, Ramírez-Gandolfo, Signes-Pastor, and Carbonell-Barrachina are with Univ. Miguel Hernandez, Dept. Tecnología Agroalimentaria, Grupo Calidad y Seguridad Alimentaria, Carretera de Beniel, km 3.2, 03312-Orihuela, Alicante, Spain. Author Haris is with the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort Univ., Hawthorn Building, The Gateway, Leicester, LEI 9BH, UK. Direct inquiries to author Carbonell-Barrachina (E-mail: angel.carbonell@umh.es).
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  • Antonio J. Signes-Pastor,

    1. Authors Burló, Ramírez-Gandolfo, Signes-Pastor, and Carbonell-Barrachina are with Univ. Miguel Hernandez, Dept. Tecnología Agroalimentaria, Grupo Calidad y Seguridad Alimentaria, Carretera de Beniel, km 3.2, 03312-Orihuela, Alicante, Spain. Author Haris is with the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort Univ., Hawthorn Building, The Gateway, Leicester, LEI 9BH, UK. Direct inquiries to author Carbonell-Barrachina (E-mail: angel.carbonell@umh.es).
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  • Parvez I. Haris,

    1. Authors Burló, Ramírez-Gandolfo, Signes-Pastor, and Carbonell-Barrachina are with Univ. Miguel Hernandez, Dept. Tecnología Agroalimentaria, Grupo Calidad y Seguridad Alimentaria, Carretera de Beniel, km 3.2, 03312-Orihuela, Alicante, Spain. Author Haris is with the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort Univ., Hawthorn Building, The Gateway, Leicester, LEI 9BH, UK. Direct inquiries to author Carbonell-Barrachina (E-mail: angel.carbonell@umh.es).
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  • Ángel A. Carbonell-Barrachina

    1. Authors Burló, Ramírez-Gandolfo, Signes-Pastor, and Carbonell-Barrachina are with Univ. Miguel Hernandez, Dept. Tecnología Agroalimentaria, Grupo Calidad y Seguridad Alimentaria, Carretera de Beniel, km 3.2, 03312-Orihuela, Alicante, Spain. Author Haris is with the Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort Univ., Hawthorn Building, The Gateway, Leicester, LEI 9BH, UK. Direct inquiries to author Carbonell-Barrachina (E-mail: angel.carbonell@umh.es).
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Abstract

Abstract:  It seems there is a positive correlation between rice content and arsenic level in foods. This is of extraordinary importance for infants below 1 y of age because their diet is very limited and in some cases is highly dependent on rice-based products; this is particularly true for infants with the celiac disease because they have no other option than consume gluten-free products, such as rice or corn. Arsenic contents were significantly higher (P < 0.001) in gluten-free infant rice (0.057 mg kg−1) than in products with gluten, based on a mixture of cereals (0.024 mg kg−1). Besides, especial precaution must be taken when preparing rice-based products at home, because arsenic content in Spanish rice was high, with levels being above 0.3 mg kg−1 in some cases.

Practical Application:  From the data presented in this manuscript, it seems imperative that legislation on maximum residues of arsenic in food should be available as soon as possible to protect consumers worldwide. Research is needed to identify or breed rice cultivars with low accumulation of arsenic in the grain; otherwise the rice percentage in infant foods should be reduced.

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