Abstract: This research aims to demonstrate the feasibility of a modified gold biosensor to detect E. coli O157:H7 in leafy turnip greens. The gold biosensor was modified with dithiobis-succinimidyl propionate (DSP) and/or protein A or G. The gold biosensor modified with DSP (Gold-DSP) was combined with a light microscopic imaging system (LMIS). The optimal concentration and specificity of anti-E. coli O15 polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) on the biosensor were determined. The reliability of Gold-DSP biosensor was investigated by determining the sensitivity, specificity, and limit of detection (LOD) of the Gold-DSP combined with LMIS. The Gold-DSP combined with LMIS was applied to turnip greens for E. coli O157:H7 detection. The modification of Gold biosensor with DSP significantly increased the detected number of E. coli O157:H7. The specificity of pAbs was sufficient to react with target E. coli O157:H7 among the tested bacterial culture. The optimum concentration of pAbs was determined as 200 μg/mL. The sensitivity, specificity, and LOD of Gold-DSP combined with LMIS were determined as 100%, 90%, and 103 CFU/25 mm2, respectively. When applied to turnip greens, the Gold-DSP combined with LMIS could detect 2641 ± 394 and 15383 ± 3853 cell/mm2 with the initial concentrations of 101 and 102 CFU/25 g turnip greens, respectively, after 10 h-enrichment. Overall, this research suggested that the Gold-DSP combined with LMIS could be used to detect E. coli O157:H7 on turnip greens qualitatively and quantitatively.