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Investigation on the Antioxidant Activity of Leaves, Peels, Stems Bark, and Kernel of Mango (Mangifera indica L.)

Authors

  • Bushra Sultana,

    1. Authors Sultana, Asif, and Munir are with Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Univ. of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Author Hussain is with Inst. of Chemistry, Univ. of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Direct inquiries to author Hussain (E-mail: drzh1972@hotmail.com).
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  • Zaib Hussain,

    1. Authors Sultana, Asif, and Munir are with Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Univ. of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Author Hussain is with Inst. of Chemistry, Univ. of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Direct inquiries to author Hussain (E-mail: drzh1972@hotmail.com).
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  • Muhammad Asif,

    1. Authors Sultana, Asif, and Munir are with Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Univ. of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Author Hussain is with Inst. of Chemistry, Univ. of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Direct inquiries to author Hussain (E-mail: drzh1972@hotmail.com).
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  • Adil Munir

    1. Authors Sultana, Asif, and Munir are with Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Univ. of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Author Hussain is with Inst. of Chemistry, Univ. of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Direct inquiries to author Hussain (E-mail: drzh1972@hotmail.com).
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Abstract

Abstract:  Bioactive polyphenols, cartenoids, and anthocyanins present in fruits and vegetables are receiving much attention because of their potential antioxidant activity. This study was conducted to determine antioxidant activity of leaves, peels, stem bark, and kernel of mango varieties langra and chonsa. Total phenolic (TPC) and total flavonoid contents (TFCs) in segments of langra ranged from 63.89 to 116.80 mg GAE/g DW and 45.56 to 90.89 mg CE/g DW, respectively, and that of chonsa were 69.24 to 122.60 mg GAE/g DW and 48.43 to 92.55 mg CE/g DW, respectively. The 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity and linoleic inhibition capacity in segments of langra ranged from 53.30% to 61.10% and 40.0% to 47.20%, respectively, whereas for chonsa; 56.40% to 66.0% and 48.1% to 49.0%, respectively. The reducing potentials of different segments of langra and chonsa at concentration of 10 mg/mL were 0.512 to 0.850 and 0.595 to 0.665 mV, respectively. Comparison between both varieties showed chonsa exhibited better antioxidant activity. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) using completely randomised design (CRD) under factorial.

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