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Effect of Purified Oat β-Glucan on Fermentation of Set-Style Yogurt Mix

Authors

  • Mukti Singh,

    1. Authors Singh and Liu are with Functional Foods Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Natl. Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 1815 N. Univ. St., Peoria, IL 61604, U.S.A. Author Kim is with Plant Polymer Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Natl. Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 1815 N. Univ. St., Peoria, IL 61604, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Singh (E-mail: Mukti.Singh@ars.usda.gov).
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  • Sanghoon Kim,

    1. Authors Singh and Liu are with Functional Foods Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Natl. Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 1815 N. Univ. St., Peoria, IL 61604, U.S.A. Author Kim is with Plant Polymer Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Natl. Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 1815 N. Univ. St., Peoria, IL 61604, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Singh (E-mail: Mukti.Singh@ars.usda.gov).
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  • Sean X. Liu

    1. Authors Singh and Liu are with Functional Foods Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Natl. Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 1815 N. Univ. St., Peoria, IL 61604, U.S.A. Author Kim is with Plant Polymer Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Natl. Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, 1815 N. Univ. St., Peoria, IL 61604, U.S.A. Direct inquiries to author Singh (E-mail: Mukti.Singh@ars.usda.gov).
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Abstract

Abstract:  Effect of oat β-glucan on the fermentation of set-style yogurt was investigated by incorporating 0%, 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.3%, 0.4%, and 0.5% of purified oat β-glucan into the yogurt mix. It was found that levels up to 0.3% resulted in yogurts with quality characteristics similar to the control yogurt. Higher levels of β-glucan however retarded the fermentation process with noticeable difference in the characteristics of the yogurt. Examination of the morphologies of yogurt with and without β-glucan revealed that β-glucan formed aggregates with casein micelle and did not form phase-separated domains. This research demonstrated that β-glucan could be added to yogurt up to 0.3%, which meets the nutrient guidelines, to have added nutritional benefits.

Practical Application:  Yogurt is known for its beneficial effects on human health and nutrition. Yogurt production and consumption is increasing in the United States every year. However, it is lacking in β-glucans, which are recognized for their nutritional importance as functional bioactive ingredients. The main objective was to develop and characterize low-fat yogurts with added β-glucan. This research demonstrated that β-glucan could be added to yogurt up to 0.3%, which meets the nutrient guidelines for added nutritional benefits, without affecting the characteristics of yogurt significantly. This study will benefit the dairy industry by generating new products offering healthy alternatives.

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