Stereospecific Positional Distribution of Fatty Acids of Camellia (Camellia japonica L.) Seed Oil
Article first published online: 25 SEP 2012
© 2012 Institute of Food Technologists®
Journal of Food Science
Volume 77, Issue 10, pages C1055–C1057, October 2012
How to Cite
Noh, S. and Yoon, S. H. (2012), Stereospecific Positional Distribution of Fatty Acids of Camellia (Camellia japonica L.) Seed Oil. Journal of Food Science, 77: C1055–C1057. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2012.02854.x
- Issue published online: 12 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 25 SEP 2012
- MS 20120368 Submitted 3/8/2012, Accepted 6/6/2012.
- camellia oil;
- fatty acid composition;
- lipid class;
- stereospecific analysis
Abstract: The stereospecific positional distribution of fatty acids of camellia seed oil (also called camellia oil) was determined. The camellia oil was mainly composed of neutral lipids (88.2%), and the oleic acid (86.3%) was found to be a major fatty acid of neutral lipids. In the glycolipids and phospholipids, the oleic acid was also found to be a major fatty acid at 62.5% and 54.2%, respectively. The oleic acid was distributed abundantly in all sn-1, 2, and 3 positions. It was found that the oleic acid was present more at sn-2 (93.6%) and 3 positions (94.7%), than at sn-1 position (66.0%).
Practical Application: The information of stereospecific positional distribution of fatty acids in the camellia oil can be used for the development of the structured lipids for food, pharmaceutical, and medical purposes.