The Effect of Food Type (Fish Nuggets or French Fries) on Oil Blend Degradation during Repeated Frying

Authors

  • María Del Carmen Flores-Álvarez,

    1. Authors Flores-Álvarez, Molina-Hernández, and Sosa-Morales are with Depto. de Ingeniería Química, Alimentos y Ambiental. Univ. de las Américas Puebla. Ex-Hacienda Santa Catarina Mártir S/N, Cholula, Puebla 72810 México. Author Hernández-Raya is with AarhusKarlshamn México, Héroes de Nocupétaro 1022, Col. Industrial, Morelia, Michoacán 58130 México. Direct inquiries to author Sosa-Morales (E-mail: mariae.sosa@udlap.mx).
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  • Erika F. Molina-Hernández,

    1. Authors Flores-Álvarez, Molina-Hernández, and Sosa-Morales are with Depto. de Ingeniería Química, Alimentos y Ambiental. Univ. de las Américas Puebla. Ex-Hacienda Santa Catarina Mártir S/N, Cholula, Puebla 72810 México. Author Hernández-Raya is with AarhusKarlshamn México, Héroes de Nocupétaro 1022, Col. Industrial, Morelia, Michoacán 58130 México. Direct inquiries to author Sosa-Morales (E-mail: mariae.sosa@udlap.mx).
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  • José Concepción Hernández-Raya,

    1. Authors Flores-Álvarez, Molina-Hernández, and Sosa-Morales are with Depto. de Ingeniería Química, Alimentos y Ambiental. Univ. de las Américas Puebla. Ex-Hacienda Santa Catarina Mártir S/N, Cholula, Puebla 72810 México. Author Hernández-Raya is with AarhusKarlshamn México, Héroes de Nocupétaro 1022, Col. Industrial, Morelia, Michoacán 58130 México. Direct inquiries to author Sosa-Morales (E-mail: mariae.sosa@udlap.mx).
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  • María Elena Sosa-Morales

    1. Authors Flores-Álvarez, Molina-Hernández, and Sosa-Morales are with Depto. de Ingeniería Química, Alimentos y Ambiental. Univ. de las Américas Puebla. Ex-Hacienda Santa Catarina Mártir S/N, Cholula, Puebla 72810 México. Author Hernández-Raya is with AarhusKarlshamn México, Héroes de Nocupétaro 1022, Col. Industrial, Morelia, Michoacán 58130 México. Direct inquiries to author Sosa-Morales (E-mail: mariae.sosa@udlap.mx).
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Abstract

Abstract:  Oil that is reused multiple times for deep frying goes through changes in chemical composition and physical characteristics, affecting the quality of the fried foods. In this study, the effect of the food type (fish nuggets or French fries) on the degradation of an oil blend during the deep-fat frying of each food at 180°C during 12 days was determined, and the characteristics of the fried products were evaluated. The degradation of oil during repeated use was relatively faster when fish nuggets were fried than when French fries were fried, as higher values of total polar compounds were obtained.

Practical Application:  The results are useful for producers of French fries and fish nuggets, such as restaurants or fast foods sellers, providing them with practical guidelines within the permitted values established by the regulatory authorities. The studied foods have high economic importance and are different in their composition. Under the studied conditions, the tested oil blend may be used during 4 d (4 h per day) with a daily replenishment, without discarding the oil when frying fish nuggets, and must be discarded after 8 d when French fries are processed. This suggestion allows preparing safe fried foods for consumers.

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