Viability and Activity of Bifidobacteria During Refrigerated Storage of Yoghurt Containing Mangifera pajang Fibrous Polysaccharides

Authors

  • Sadeq Hasan Al-Sheraji,

    1. Authors Al-Sheraji, Ismail, and Yusof are with the Dept. of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Author Manap is with the Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology. Author Mustafa is with the Dept. of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences. Authors Ismail and Mustafa are with the Laboratory of Halal Science Research, Halal Products Research Inst., Univ. Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Author Al-Sheraji is also with the Dept. of Food Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ibb Univ., Ibb, Yemen. Direct inquiries to author Ismail (E-mail: amin@medic.upm.edu.my).
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Amin Ismail,

    1. Authors Al-Sheraji, Ismail, and Yusof are with the Dept. of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Author Manap is with the Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology. Author Mustafa is with the Dept. of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences. Authors Ismail and Mustafa are with the Laboratory of Halal Science Research, Halal Products Research Inst., Univ. Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Author Al-Sheraji is also with the Dept. of Food Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ibb Univ., Ibb, Yemen. Direct inquiries to author Ismail (E-mail: amin@medic.upm.edu.my).
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Mohd Yazid Manap,

    1. Authors Al-Sheraji, Ismail, and Yusof are with the Dept. of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Author Manap is with the Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology. Author Mustafa is with the Dept. of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences. Authors Ismail and Mustafa are with the Laboratory of Halal Science Research, Halal Products Research Inst., Univ. Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Author Al-Sheraji is also with the Dept. of Food Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ibb Univ., Ibb, Yemen. Direct inquiries to author Ismail (E-mail: amin@medic.upm.edu.my).
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Shuhaimi Mustafa,

    1. Authors Al-Sheraji, Ismail, and Yusof are with the Dept. of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Author Manap is with the Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology. Author Mustafa is with the Dept. of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences. Authors Ismail and Mustafa are with the Laboratory of Halal Science Research, Halal Products Research Inst., Univ. Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Author Al-Sheraji is also with the Dept. of Food Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ibb Univ., Ibb, Yemen. Direct inquiries to author Ismail (E-mail: amin@medic.upm.edu.my).
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Rokiah Mohd Yusof

    1. Authors Al-Sheraji, Ismail, and Yusof are with the Dept. of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Author Manap is with the Dept. of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology. Author Mustafa is with the Dept. of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences. Authors Ismail and Mustafa are with the Laboratory of Halal Science Research, Halal Products Research Inst., Univ. Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Author Al-Sheraji is also with the Dept. of Food Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ibb Univ., Ibb, Yemen. Direct inquiries to author Ismail (E-mail: amin@medic.upm.edu.my).
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Abstract:  The viability and activity of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum G4, B. longum BB 536 and yoghurt cultures (Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus) were studied in yoghurt containing 0.75%Mangefira pajang fibrous polysaccharides (MPFP) and inulin. Growth of probiotic organisms, their proteolytic activities, the production of short chain fatty acids (lactic, acetic and propionic) and the pH of the yoghurt samples were determined during refrigerated storage at 4 °C for 28 d. B. pseudocatenulatum G4 and B. longum BB 536 showed better growth and activity in the presence of MPFP and inulin, which significantly increased the production of short chain fatty acids as well as the proteolytic activity of these organisms.

Practical Application:  This is the first study reported on produce synbiotic yoghurt as a functional food for specified health uses contains bifidobacteria and M. pajang fibrous polysaccharides. M. pajang fibrous polysaccharides can be used as a prebiotic particularly in dairy products to increase the viability and activity of bifidobacteria which can be used as probiotic to exert health benefit to the human by yoghurt that is considered common use in society; thus, the benefits of synbiotic yoghurt are readily accessible to the member of society.

Ancillary