This work was supported in part by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Grants R03 HD39750, P01 HD39667, and R01 HD 51502.
Stress and the Development of Self-Regulation in Context
Article first published online: 15 NOV 2010
© 2010 The Author. Child Development Perspectives © 2010 The Society for Research in Child Development
Child Development Perspectives
Volume 4, Issue 3, pages 181–188, December 2010
How to Cite
Blair, C. (2010), Stress and the Development of Self-Regulation in Context. Child Development Perspectives, 4: 181–188. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-8606.2010.00145.x
- Issue published online: 15 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 15 NOV 2010
Abstract— This article considers the effects of psychosocial stress on child development and describes mechanisms through which early stress in the context of poverty affects the functioning of neural networks that underlie executive functions and self-regulation. It examines the effects of early experience on glucocorticoid and catecholamine levels that influence neural activity in areas of the brain associated with executive functions, primarily as studied in animal models. Finally, it considers the strengths and limitations of this research, its relevance to understanding stress reactivity from the perspective of biological sensitivity to context, and the implications for the study of risk and resilience processes and early intervention to prevent developmental delays.