Development of this article was funded by the State of Illinois Council for Food and Agriculture Research and the Illinois Department of Human Services via grants supporting the STRONG Kids Program at the University of Illinois.
Toward a Developmental Conceptualization of Contributors to Overweight and Obesity in Childhood: The Six-Cs Model
Article first published online: 11 FEB 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Child Development Perspectives © 2011 The Society for Research in Child Development
Child Development Perspectives
Volume 5, Issue 1, pages 50–58, March 2011
How to Cite
Harrison, K., Bost, K. K., McBride, B. A., Donovan, S. M., Grigsby-Toussaint, D. S., Kim, J., Liechty, J. M., Wiley, A., Teran-Garcia, M. and Jacobsohn, G. C. (2011), Toward a Developmental Conceptualization of Contributors to Overweight and Obesity in Childhood: The Six-Cs Model. Child Development Perspectives, 5: 50–58. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-8606.2010.00150.x
- Issue published online: 11 FEB 2011
- Article first published online: 11 FEB 2011
- ecological model;
Abstract— Overweight in childhood sets the stage for a lifelong struggle with weight and eating and raises the risk of health problems, such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, sleep apnea, and heart disease. Research from multiple disciplinary fields has identified scores of contributing factors. Efforts to integrate these factors into a single “big picture” have been hampered by the challenges of constructing theoretical models that are both comprehensive and developmentally adaptable. This article reviews select genetic and environmental factors influencing childhood overweight and obesity, then explicates an ecological model mapping these and other factors. The Six-Cs model extends previous theoretical work on childhood weight imbalance by acknowledging dimensions of factors specific to heredity as well as the environment, to activity as well as nutrition, to resources and opportunities as well as practices, and to development from birth through adolescence. This article concludes by discussing the model’s policy relevance and identifying important next steps for transdisciplinary research concerning child overweight and obesity.