Parental Meta-Emotion Philosophy: A Review of Research and Theoretical Framework


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Lynn Fainsilber Katz, Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Box 351525, Seattle, WA 98195; e-mail:


The concept of parental meta-emotion philosophy (PMEP)—the idea that parents have an organized set of beliefs, thoughts, and feelings about their own and their children's emotions—was introduced in 1996. Since then, empirical studies have examined the validity of the PMEP construct in relation to children's psychosocial adjustment and parent and child characteristics. This article reviews the current state of knowledge regarding PMEP, summarizing what the field has learned, and identifying critical directions for future research.