SUMMARY Diethylstilboestrol is currently only available in Australia for oral use in dogs and cats. As an orally and systemically active non-steroidal oestrogen, DES has been widely used in small animal veterinary medicine for a variety of indications. A review of the literature reveals that many of the recommendations for use are founded on anecdotal or unreported clinical observations. While many of the uses may be valid, accurate determinations of optimum dosing regimens have not been defined. This is especially unfortunate in view of the potential toxicity of DES to small animals. Nevertheless, particularly in cases of low-dose intermittent administration, oral DES appears indicated at least until data on alternative safe and effective interventions become available.